Saturday, March 17, 2018

Commentary on the Psalms by J.A. Alexander

One of my favorite commentaries on the Psalms is by J.A. Alexander. The following links are to his books The Psalms Translated and Explained  and his book Psalms of Life.

The Psalms Translated and Explained by Joseph Addison Alexander

Scanned version from

Digital text version:

Psalms of Life by Joseph Addison Alexander

See more of his other commentaries:

Isaiah Translated and Explained by Joseph Addison Alexander 1851 vol 1 1851 vol 1 1852 vol 2 1856 vol 2

Gospel of Mark by Joseph Addison Alexander

Friday, June 30, 2017

Devotions and Prayers of John Calvin

I've enjoyed and profited from a book titled, "Devotions and Prayers of John Calvin." It turns this 1976 book is a re-print of a 19th century book with at least two titles, "Expositions and Prayers from Calvin" or "Scripture Texts with Expositions and Sentence-Prayers from Calvin's Commentaries on the Minor Prophets".

The book is freely available online!!! HERE:

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Reformed Theological Seminary Lectures

There are many freely available lectures and courses on various religious and philosophical topics at Reformed Theological Seminary. All one needs to do is connect to their iTunes webpage and download the iTunes app (if you don't have it already). Currently, the link is here:

The link may be changed in the future. In which case, you can eventually find the link at the seminary's main website (usually under Resources).

They have many courses on topics like apologetics, theology, church history, history of philosophy et cetera. 

Friday, May 6, 2016

Anaideia and the Friend at Midnight (Luke 11:8) by Klyne Snodgrass

 I tell you, though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his impudence [anaideia] he will rise and give him whatever he needs.- Luke 11:8 ESV

The following are links to an excellent article on the meaning of "anaideia" in Luke 11:8 that has persuaded me of its conclusions. For those who don't know, there has been disagreement among scholars as to what the term means and how to translate it. Various translations and meanings include:

shamelessness (Darby)
no shame
persistence (NKJV, NASB 77, NASB 95, NET, WEB, HCSB, ISV)
persistency (Weymouth)
shameless persistence (NLT)
impudence (ESV)
importunity (KJV, ASV, WBST, YLT, Douay-Rheims)
without embarrassment
unembarassed boldness
boldness (NIV 1984)
shameless audacity (NIV 2011)
chutzpah/hutzpah (CJB)

I don't want to commit an anachronism by inserting a post 1st century term and its meaning into the New Testament, but some Messianic Jews think "chutzpah" accurately conveys the intended meaning of "anaideia" in Luke 11:8 (e.g. David H. Stern). Chutzpah itself has the meaning or connotation of insolence, cheek, audacity. Leo Rosten in The Joys of Yiddish defines chutzpah as "gall, brazen nerve, effrontery, incredible 'guts', presumption plus arrogance such as no other word and no other language can do justice to".

According to THIS WEBPAGE from the THEOI GREEK MYTHOLOGY website the word "anaideia" was also the name of a Greek "goddess or spirit (daimon) of ruthlessness, shamelessness, and unforgivingness. She was a companion of Hybris (Violence). Her opposite number was Eleos (Mercy)." This fact can help interpret how the Hellenistic world interpreted the word and its connotations in ordinary usage.

The article Anaideia and the Friend at Midnight (Luke 11:8) by Klyne Snodgrass can be accessed by the url below.

By clicking on the "pop out" feature at the top right corner of the article it opens the article in a new tab. From there I was able to sign into Google and then download the pdf file. The url was:,%20Anaideia%20and%20the%20Friend%20at%20Midnight.pdf

I was kind of disappointed by his conclusion, yet convinced of its truth. You will have to read the article to discover his conclusion. Sorry, no spoilers here.